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RtlInitializeSid (ntdll)
The RtlInitializeSid routine initializes a security identifier (SID) structure.

C# Signature:

[DllImport("ntdll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, ExactSpelling = true, SetLastError = true)]
private static extern Int32 RtlInitializeSid([In, Out] ref SID Sid, [In] ref SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY IdentifierAuthority, byte SubAuthorityCount);

VB Signature:

Declare Function RtlInitializeSid Lib "ntdll.dll" (TODO) As TODO

User-Defined Types:

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, Size = 6)]
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 6)]
   public byte[] Value;

   public SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY(byte[] value)
     if (value.Length != 6)
       throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("value", "Value must be an array of 6 bytes.");
     this.Value = value;

struct SID
   public byte Revision;
   public byte SubAuthorityCount;
   public SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY IdentifierAuthority;
   public UInt32[] SubAuthority;

   public SID(int subAuthorityCount)
     this.Revision = 0;
     this.SubAuthorityCount = 0;
     this.IdentifierAuthority = default(SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY);
     this.SubAuthority = new UInt32[subAuthorityCount];

Alternative Managed API:

Do you know one? Please contribute it!


Tested on Win8.1 x64 by @gsuberland, but not thoroughly.

Tips & Tricks:

Please add some!

Sample Code:

// just using a null identifier here
SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY id = new SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY(new byte[] { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 });
// new SID with an allocated SubAuthority count of 1
SID sid = new SID(1);

// make the call, passing the correct SubAuthority count
var status = RtlInitializeSid(ref sid, ref id, (byte)sid.SubAuthority.Length);

if (status < 0)


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