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createcaret (user32)

C# Signature:

static extern bool CreateCaret(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr hBitmap, int nWidth,
   int nHeight);


    <DllImport("user32.dll", SetLastError:=True)> _
    Public Shared Function CreateCaret(ByVal hWnd As IntPtr, ByVal hBitmap As IntPtr, ByVal nWidth As Integer, ByVal nHeight As Integer) As Boolean
    End Function

User-Defined Types:



Windows allows only one caret per message queue. To add a caret to a control, handle the WM_SETFOCUS message, or the GotFocus event, or override OnGotFocus if you're writing a custom control, and call CreateCaret from the message or event handler. You should also handle WM_KILLFOCUS, LostFocus or OnLostFocus and call DestroyCaret. You will also need to call ShowCaret to make the caret visible, and SetCaretPos to set its position.

Tips & Tricks:

If you're using a Bitmap image to render the caret, the colour will be changed based on the background of the Control. To ensure that you have the expected colour, first apply an XOR mask:

    int r = CursorColour.R ^ ParentControl.BackColor.R;
    int g = CursorColour.G ^ ParentControl.BackColor.G;
    int b = CursorColour.B ^ ParentControl.BackColor.B;

Where CursorColour is the colour you would like the caret to have and ParentControl is the control that the caret is bound to.

Sample Code:

//C# Example. This will create and show the caret in textBox1 when button1 is clicked.

    private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) {
        CreateCaret(textBox1.Handle, IntPtr.Zero, 0, textBox1.Height);

Alternative Managed API:

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CreateCaret on MSDN

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