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getusernameex (secur32)
 
.
Summary
Gets the name of the user or other security principal associated with the calling thread.

C# Signature:

[DllImport("secur32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Auto, SetLastError=true)]
[return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I1)]
[DllImport("secur32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
public static extern int GetUserNameEx (int nameFormat, StringBuilder userName,
   ref uint userNameSize);

VB Signature:

Declare Function GetUserNameEx Lib "secur32.dll" (nameFormat As Integer, _
   userName As StringBuilder, ByRef userNameSize As Integer) As Integer

User-Defined Types:

None.

Notes:

This may be required because System.Environment.UserDomainName is broken. If the local machine has a user account that is the same name as a logged in domain user (machineName\bob & domainName\bob) UserDomainName returns the machine name, not the domain name.

Tips & Tricks:

Please add some!

Sample Code:

public class Sample

{

      enum EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT
      {
     NameUnknown = 0,
     NameFullyQualifiedDN = 1,
     NameSamCompatible = 2,
     NameDisplay = 3,
     NameUniqueId = 6,
     NameCanonical = 7,
     NameUserPrincipal = 8,
     NameCanonicalEx = 9,
     NameServicePrincipal = 10,
     NameDnsDomain = 12
      }

      [DllImport("secur32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
      public static extern int GetUserNameEx (int nameFormat, StringBuilder userName, ref int userNameSize);

      public String GetUserDomain()
      {
     if (Environment.OSVersion.Platform != PlatformID.Win32NT)
        return null;

     StringBuilder userName = new StringBuilder(1024);
     int userNameSize = userName.Capacity;

     if(0 != GetUserNameEx((int)EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT.NameSamCompatible, userName, ref userNameSize))
     {
        string[] nameParts = userName.ToString().Split('\\');
        if (2 != nameParts.Length) return null;
        return nameParts[0];
     }

     return null;
      }

}

VB

public class Sample

  Declare Function GetUserNameExA Lib "secur32.dll" (ByVal nameFormat As Integer, _
  ByVal userName As System.Text.StringBuilder, ByRef userNameSize As Integer) As Integer

' GetUserNameExA for ANSI

' GetUserNameExW for UNICODE

    Public Enum EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT
    NameUnknown = 0
    NameFullyQualifiedDN = 1
    NameSamCompatible = 2
    NameDisplay = 3
    NameUniqueId = 6
    NameCanonical = 7
    NameUserPrincipal = 8
    NameCanonicalEx = 9
    NameServicePrincipal = 10
    NameDnsDomain = 12
    End Enum

    Public Function GetUserName() As String

    Dim UserName As New System.Text.StringBuilder(1024)
    Dim userNameSize As Integer = UserName.Capacity

    If Environment.OSVersion.Platform <> PlatformID.Win32NT Then
        Return ""
    End If

    If GetUserNameExA(EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT.NameSamCompatible, UserName, userNameSize) <> 0 Then

        Dim NameParts() As String = UserName.ToString().Split("\")
        If NameParts.Length <> 2 Then
        Return ""
        End If

        Return NameParts(1)

    Else
        Return ""

    End If

    End Function

End Class

Alternative Managed API:

System.Environment.UserName

System.Environment.UserDomainName

Documentation

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