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GetIpNetTable (iphlpapi)
 
.
Summary
The GetIpNetTable function retrieves the IP-to-physical address mapping table.

C# Signature:

[DllImport("iphlpapi.dll", EntryPoint="GetIpNetTable")]
static extern int GetIpNetTable(IntPtr pIpNetTable, ref int pdwSize, bool bOrder);

User-Defined Types:

    // Define the MIB_IPNETROW structure.      
    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]    
    struct MIB_IPNETROW      
    {    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]    
        public uint dwIndex;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]    
        public uint dwPhysAddrLen;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac0;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac1;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac2;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac3;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac4;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac5;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac6;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U1)]    
        public byte mac7;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]    
        public uint dwAddr;    
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]    
        public uint dwType;      
    }

Alternative Managed API:

Do you know one? Please contribute it!

Notes:

If you are only interesting in getting the mac Address and you are deploying to Windows 2008 or later, you might want to use ResolveIpNetEntry2 (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa814455(VS.85).aspx) instead.

Tips & Tricks:

Please add some!

Sample Code:

    //http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1148778/how-do-i-access-arp-protocol-information-through-c-net
    using System;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Net;

    namespace GetIpNetTable
    {  
    class Program   {      
        // The max number of physical addresses.      
        const int MAXLEN_PHYSADDR = 8;      
          // Declare the GetIpNetTable function.
          [DllImport("IpHlpApi.dll")]
          [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]
          static extern int GetIpNetTable(
         IntPtr pIpNetTable,
         [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)]
         ref int pdwSize,
         bool bOrder);
          // The insufficient buffer error.
          const int ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER = 122;
          static void Main(string[] args)
          {
         // The number of bytes needed.
         int bytesNeeded = 0;
         // The result from the API call.
         int result = GetIpNetTable(IntPtr.Zero, ref bytesNeeded, false);
         // Call the function, expecting an insufficient buffer.
         if (result != ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER)
         {
            // Throw an exception.
            throw new Win32Exception(result);
         }
         // Allocate the memory, do it in a try/finally block, to ensure
         // that it is released.
         IntPtr buffer = IntPtr.Zero;

         // Try/finally.
         try
         {
            // Allocate the memory.
            buffer = Marshal.AllocCoTaskMem(bytesNeeded);
            // Make the call again. If it did not succeed, then
            // raise an error.
            result = GetIpNetTable(buffer, ref bytesNeeded, false);
            // If the result is not 0 (no error), then throw an exception.
            if (result != 0)
            {
               // Throw an exception.
               throw new Win32Exception(result);
            }
            // Now we have the buffer, we have to marshal it. We can read
            // the first 4 bytes to get the length of the buffer.
            int entries = Marshal.ReadInt32(buffer);
            // Increment the memory pointer by the size of the int.
            IntPtr currentBuffer = new IntPtr(buffer.ToInt64() +
               Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(int)));    

            // Allocate an array of entries.
            MIB_IPNETROW[] table = new MIB_IPNETROW[entries];
            // Cycle through the entries.
            for (int index = 0; index < entries; index++)
            {
               // Call PtrToStructure, getting the structure information.
               table[index] = (MIB_IPNETROW) Marshal.PtrToStructure(new
              IntPtr(currentBuffer.ToInt64() + (index *
              Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(MIB_IPNETROW)))), typeof(MIB_IPNETROW));
            }
            for (int index = 0; index < entries; index++)
            {
               IPAddress ip=new IPAddress(table[index].dwAddr);
               Console.Write("IP:"+ip.ToString()+"\t\tMAC:");
               byte b;
               b=table[index].mac0;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               b=table[index].mac1;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("-0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("-");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               b=table[index].mac2;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("-0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("-");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               b=table[index].mac3;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("-0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("-");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               b=table[index].mac4;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("-0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("-");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               b=table[index].mac5;
               if ( b < 0x10)
               {
              Console.Write("-0");
               }
               else
               {
              Console.Write("-");
               }
               Console.Write(b.ToString("X"));
               Console.WriteLine();
            }
         }
         finally
         {
            // Release the memory.
            Marshal.FreeCoTaskMem(buffer);
         }
          }
       }
    }

Documentation

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