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getextendedtcptable (iphlpapi)
 
.
Summary
The GetExtendedTcpTable function retrieves a table that contains a list of TCP endpoints available to the application.

C# Signature:

[DllImport("iphlpapi.dll", SetLastError=true)]
static extern uint GetExtendedTcpTable(IntPtr pTcpTable, ref int dwOutBufLen, bool sort, int ipVersion, TCP_TABLE_CLASS tblClass,uint reserved = 0);

VB Signature:

<DllImport("iphlpapi.dll", SetLastError:=True)> _
Public Shared Function GetExtendedTcpTable(ByVal pTcpTable As IntPtr, ByRef dwOutBufLen As Integer, ByVal sort As Boolean, ByVal ipVersion As  Integer, ByVal tblClass As TCP_TABLE_CLASS, ByVal reserved As Integer) As UInteger
End Function

User-Defined Types:

TCP_TABLE_CLASS

Notes:

When you do not need the PID information look at: IPGlobalProperties.GetActiveTcpListeners Method from the System.Net.NetworkInformation namespace

(Msdn: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.net.networkinformation.ipglobalproperties.getactivetcplisteners.aspx)

Sample Code:

Generic methods for IPv4 and IPv6. Using MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCP6TABLE_OWNER_PID and TCP_TABLE_CLASS

public const int AF_INET = 2;    // IP_v4 = System.Net.Sockets.AddressFamily.InterNetwork
public const int AF_INET6 = 23;  // IP_v6 = System.Net.Sockets.AddressFamily.InterNetworkV6

public static List<MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID> GetAllTCPConnections()
{
    return GetTCPConnections<MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID>(AF_INET);
}

public static List<MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID> GetAllTCPv6Connections()
{
    return GetTCPConnections<MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCP6TABLE_OWNER_PID>(AF_INET6);
}

private static List<IPR> GetTCPConnections<IPR, IPT>(int ipVersion)//IPR = Row Type, IPT = Table Type
{
    IPR[] tableRows;
    int buffSize = 0;

    var dwNumEntriesField = typeof(IPT).GetField("dwNumEntries");

    // how much memory do we need?
    uint ret = GetExtendedTcpTable(IntPtr.Zero, ref buffSize, true, ipVersion, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);
    IntPtr tcpTablePtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(buffSize);

    try
    {
        ret = GetExtendedTcpTable(tcpTablePtr, ref buffSize, true, ipVersion, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);
        if (ret != 0)
            return new List<IPR>();

        // get the number of entries in the table
        IPT table = (IPT)Marshal.PtrToStructure(tcpTablePtr, typeof(IPT));
        int rowStructSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(IPR));
        uint numEntries = (uint)dwNumEntriesField.GetValue(table);

        // buffer we will be returning
        tableRows = new IPR[numEntries];

        IntPtr rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)tcpTablePtr + 4);
        for (int i = 0; i < numEntries; i++)
        {
            IPR tcpRow = (IPR)Marshal.PtrToStructure(rowPtr, typeof(IPR));
            tableRows[i] = tcpRow;
            rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)rowPtr + rowStructSize);   // next entry
        }
    }
    finally
    {
        // Free the Memory
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(tcpTablePtr);
    }
    return tableRows != null ? tableRows.ToList() : new List<IPR>();
}

Sample Code:

Previous sample

public MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID[] GetAllTcpConnections()
{
    MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID[] tTable;
    int AF_INET = 2;    // IP_v4
    int buffSize = 0;

    // how much memory do we need?
    uint ret = GetExtendedTcpTable(IntPtr.Zero, ref buffSize, true, AF_INET, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);        
    IntPtr buffTable = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(buffSize);

    try
    {
        ret = GetExtendedTcpTable(buffTable, ref buffSize, true, AF_INET, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);
        if (ret != 0)
        {
            return null;
        }

        // get the number of entries in the table
        MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID tab = (MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID)Marshal.PtrToStructure(buffTable, typeof(MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID));
        IntPtr rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)buffTable + Marshal.SizeOf(tab.dwNumEntries));
        tTable = new MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID[tab.dwNumEntries];

        for (int i = 0; i < tab.dwNumEntries; i++)
        {
            MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID tcpRow = (MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID)Marshal.PtrToStructure(rowPtr, typeof(MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID));
            tTable[i] = tcpRow;
            rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)rowPtr + Marshal.SizeOf(tcpRow));   // next entry
        }
    }
    finally
    {
        // Free the Memory
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(buffTable);
    }
    return tTable;
}

PowerShell

  $TypeDefinition=@"
  using System;
  using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
  using System.Collections;
  using System.Collections.Generic;
  using System.Linq;

  // https://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366073.aspx
  namespace IPHelper {

      // https://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366913.aspx
      [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
      public struct MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID {
      public uint state;
      public uint localAddr;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 4)]
      public byte[] localPort;
      public uint remoteAddr;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 4)]
      public byte[] remotePort;
      public uint owningPid;
      }

      // https://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366921.aspx
      [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
      public struct MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID {
      public uint dwNumEntries;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, ArraySubType = UnmanagedType.Struct, SizeConst = 1)]
      public MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID[] table;
       }

      // https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366896
      [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
      public struct MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID {
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 16)]
      public byte[] localAddr;
      public uint localScopeId;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 4)]
      public byte[] localPort;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 16)]
      public byte[] remoteAddr;
      public uint remoteScopeId;
      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 4)]
      public byte[] remotePort;
      public uint state;
      public uint owningPid;
      }

      // https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366905
      [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
      public struct MIB_TCP6TABLE_OWNER_PID {
     public uint dwNumEntries;
     [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, ArraySubType = UnmanagedType.Struct, SizeConst = 1)]
     public MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID[] table;
      }

      // https://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366386.aspx
      public enum TCP_TABLE_CLASS {
      TCP_TABLE_BASIC_LISTENER,
      TCP_TABLE_BASIC_CONNECTIONS,
      TCP_TABLE_BASIC_ALL,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_LISTENER,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_CONNECTIONS,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_MODULE_LISTENER,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_MODULE_CONNECTIONS,
      TCP_TABLE_OWNER_MODULE_ALL
      }

      // https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366896.aspx
      public enum MIB_TCP_STATE {
      MIB_TCP_STATE_CLOSED,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_LISTEN,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_SYN_SENT,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_SYN_RCVD,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_ESTAB,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_FIN_WAIT1,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_FIN_WAIT2,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_CLOSE_WAIT,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_CLOSING,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_LAST_ACK,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_TIME_WAIT,
      MIB_TCP_STATE_DELETE_TCB
      }

      public static class IPHelperAPI {
      [DllImport("iphlpapi.dll", SetLastError = true)]
      internal static extern uint GetExtendedTcpTable(
          IntPtr tcpTable,
          ref int tcpTableLength,
          bool sort,
          int ipVersion,
          TCP_TABLE_CLASS tcpTableType,
          int reserved=0);
      }

      public class IPHelperWrapper : IDisposable {

      public const int AF_INET = 2;    // IP_v4 = System.Net.Sockets.AddressFamily.InterNetwork
      public const int AF_INET6 = 23;  // IP_v6 = System.Net.Sockets.AddressFamily.InterNetworkV6

      // Creates a new wrapper for the local machine
      public IPHelperWrapper() { }

      // Disposes of this wrapper
      public void Dispose() { GC.SuppressFinalize(this); }

      public List<MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID> GetAllTCPv4Connections() {
          return GetTCPConnections<MIB_TCPROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCPTABLE_OWNER_PID>(AF_INET);
      }

      public List<MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID> GetAllTCPv6Connections() {
          return GetTCPConnections<MIB_TCP6ROW_OWNER_PID, MIB_TCP6TABLE_OWNER_PID>(AF_INET6);
      }

      public List<IPR> GetTCPConnections<IPR, IPT>(int ipVersion) { //IPR = Row Type, IPT = Table Type

          IPR[] tableRows;
          int buffSize = 0;
          var dwNumEntriesField = typeof(IPT).GetField("dwNumEntries");

          // how much memory do we need?
          uint ret = IPHelperAPI.GetExtendedTcpTable(IntPtr.Zero, ref buffSize, true, ipVersion, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);
          IntPtr tcpTablePtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(buffSize);

          try {
          ret = IPHelperAPI.GetExtendedTcpTable(tcpTablePtr, ref buffSize, true, ipVersion, TCP_TABLE_CLASS.TCP_TABLE_OWNER_PID_ALL);
          if (ret != 0) return new List<IPR>();

          // get the number of entries in the table
          IPT table = (IPT)Marshal.PtrToStructure(tcpTablePtr, typeof(IPT));
          int rowStructSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(IPR));
          uint numEntries = (uint)dwNumEntriesField.GetValue(table);

          // buffer we will be returning
          tableRows = new IPR[numEntries];

          IntPtr rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)tcpTablePtr + 4);
          for (int i = 0; i < numEntries; i++) {
              IPR tcpRow = (IPR)Marshal.PtrToStructure(rowPtr, typeof(IPR));
              tableRows[i] = tcpRow;
              rowPtr = (IntPtr)((long)rowPtr + rowStructSize);   // next entry
          }
          }
          finally {
          // Free the Memory
          Marshal.FreeHGlobal(tcpTablePtr);
          }
          return tableRows != null ? tableRows.ToList() : new List<IPR>();
      }

      // Occurs on destruction of the Wrapper
      ~IPHelperWrapper() { Dispose(); }

      } // wrapper class
  } // namespace
  "@
  Add-Type -TypeDefinition $TypeDefinition -PassThru | Out-Null

  function NetStat {

    $x=New-Object IPHelper.IPHelperWrapper
    $y=$x.GetAllTCPv4Connections()
    $services=Get-WmiObject -Namespace "root\cimv2" -Class "Win32_Service"
    $StateList=@("UNKNOWN","CLOSED","LISTEN","SYN-SENT","SYN-RECEIVED","ESTABLISHED","FIN-WAIT-1","FIN-WAIT-2","CLOSE-WAIT","CLOSING","LAST-ACK","TIME-WAIT","DELETE-TCB")
    $output=@()
    for ($i=0; $i -lt $y.Count; $i++) {
      $objOutput=New-Object -TypeName PSObject
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "LocalAddress" -Value ([System.Net.IPAddress]::new($y[$i].localAddr).IPAddressToString)
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "RemoteAddress" -Value ([System.Net.IPAddress]::new($y[$i].remoteAddr).IPAddressToString)
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "LocalPort" -Value ($y[$i].localPort[1]+($y[$i].localPort[0]*0x100)+($y[$i].localPort[3]*0x1000)+($y[$i].localPort[2]*0x10000))
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "RemotePort" -Value ($y[$i].remotePort[1]+($y[$i].remotePort[0]*0x100)+($y[$i].remotePort[3]*0x1000)+($y[$i].remotePort[2]*0x10000))
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "PID" -Value $y[$i].owningPid
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "ProcessName" -Value ((Get-Process -Id $y[$i].owningPid).ProcessName)
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "StateValue" -Value $y[$i].state
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "State" -Value $StateList[$y[$i].state]
      $boolNoService=$true
      for ($j=0; $j -lt $services.Count; $j++) {
    if ($services[$j].ProcessId -eq $y[$i].owningPid) {
      Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "ServiceName" -Value $services[$j].Caption
      $boolNoService=$false
      break;
    }
      }
      if ($boolNoService) { Add-Member -InputObject $objOutput -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "ServiceName" -Value $null }
      $output+=$objOutput
    }
    $output
  }

  NetStat

Documentation

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