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dnsquery (dnsapi)
 
.
Summary
DNSQueryEx (built off DNSQuery page)

Provides a more customisable query than DNSQuery - uses an Async callback

C# Signature:

[DllImport("dnsapi", EntryPoint = "DnsQueryEx", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true, ExactSpelling = true)]
    private static extern int DnsQueryEx(IntPtr queryRequest, IntPtr queryResults, IntPtr cancelHandle);

None.

Notes:

None.

Sample Code:

   using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Net;
    using System.Net.Sockets;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Threading;
    using System.Threading.Tasks;

    public class DNSQueryer
    {
    private const int DnsRecordsNoInfo = 9501;
    private const int DnsRequestPending = 9506;
    private const int DnsAddrMaxSockaddrLength = 32;
    private const int DNSQueryCancelSize = 32;
    private const short DNSPort = 53;
    private const short AFInet = 2;
    private const short AFInet16 = 23;
    private const int IpAddressV6LengthBytes = 16;
    private const int IpAddressV4LengthBytes = 4;
    private const uint DnsQueryRequestVersion1 = 1;

    private delegate void QueryCompletionRoutineFunctionPointer(IntPtr queryContext, IntPtr queryResults);

    [Flags]
    private enum DnsQueryOptions
    {
        DNS_QUERY_STANDARD = 0x0,
        DNS_QUERY_ACCEPT_TRUNCATED_RESPONSE = 0x1,
        DNS_QUERY_USE_TCP_ONLY = 0x2,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_RECURSION = 0x4,
        DNS_QUERY_BYPASS_CACHE = 0x8,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_WIRE_QUERY = 0x10,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_LOCAL_NAME = 0x20,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_HOSTS_FILE = 0x40,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_NETBT = 0x80,
        DNS_QUERY_WIRE_ONLY = 0x100,
        DNS_QUERY_RETURN_MESSAGE = 0x200,
        DNS_QUERY_MULTICAST_ONLY = 0x400,
        DNS_QUERY_NO_MULTICAST = 0x800,
        DNS_QUERY_TREAT_AS_FQDN = 0x1000,
        DNS_QUERY_ADDRCONFIG = 0x2000,
        DNS_QUERY_DUAL_ADDR = 0x4000,
        DNS_QUERY_MULTICAST_WAIT = 0x20000,
        DNS_QUERY_MULTICAST_VERIFY = 0x40000,
        DNS_QUERY_DONT_RESET_TTL_VALUES = 0x100000,
        DNS_QUERY_DISABLE_IDN_ENCODING = 0x200000,
        DNS_QUERY_APPEND_MULTILABEL = 0x800000,
        DNS_QUERY_RESERVED = unchecked((int)0xF0000000)
    }

    public enum DnsRecordTypes
    {
        DNS_TYPE_A = 0x1,
        DNS_TYPE_NS = 0x2,
        DNS_TYPE_CNAME = 0x5,
        DNS_TYPE_PTR = 0xC,
        DNS_TYPE_MX = 0xF,
        DNS_TYPE_TXT = 0x10,
        DNS_TYPE_AAAA = 0x1C,
        DNS_TYPE_SRV = 0x21
    }

    private enum DNS_FREE_TYPE
    {
        DnsFreeFlat = 0,
        DnsFreeRecordList = 1,
        DnsFreeParsedMessageFields = 2
    }

    public static IDictionary<string, object>[] QueryDNSForRecordTypeSpecificNameServers(string domainName, IPAddress[] dnsServers, DnsRecordTypes recordType)
    {
        if (dnsServers == null || dnsServers.Length == 0)
        {
        throw new Exception("At least one DNS Server must be provided to do the query");
        }

        IntPtr dnsRequest, addrRequestBuffer, contextBuffer;

        QueryCompletionContext context = new QueryCompletionContext();
        context.eventHandle = new EventWaitHandle(false, EventResetMode.ManualReset);
        context.requestType = recordType;
        context.resultCode = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(int)));

        List<IDictionary<string, object>> dnsRecords = new List<IDictionary<string, object>>();

        GCHandle handle = GCHandle.Alloc(dnsRecords, GCHandleType.Normal);

        context.dnsRecords = GCHandle.ToIntPtr(handle);

        MakeDnsRequest(domainName, dnsServers, context, out dnsRequest, out addrRequestBuffer, out contextBuffer);

        DNSQueryResult queryResult = new DNSQueryResult();
        queryResult.Version = DnsQueryRequestVersion1;

        IntPtr result = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(DNSQueryResult)));
        Marshal.StructureToPtr(queryResult, result, false);

        IntPtr cancelBuffer = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(DNSQueryCancelSize);

        int resCode = DnsQueryEx(dnsRequest, result, cancelBuffer);

        FreeDnsRequest(dnsRequest, addrRequestBuffer, contextBuffer);

        bool requestPending = false;

        switch (resCode)
        {
        case 0:
            {
            queryResult = (DNSQueryResult)Marshal.PtrToStructure(result, typeof(DNSQueryResult));
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(result);
            }

            break;
        case DnsRequestPending:
            {
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(result);
            requestPending = true;
            }
            break;
        case DnsRecordsNoInfo:
            {
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(result);
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(cancelBuffer);
            handle.Free();
            return new Dictionary<string, object>[0];
            }

        default:
            {
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(result);
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(cancelBuffer);
            handle.Free();
            throw new Win32Exception(resCode);
            }
        }

        if (!requestPending)
        {
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(cancelBuffer);
        handle.Free();

        if (queryResult.QueryStatus != 0)
        {
            if (queryResult.QueryRecords != IntPtr.Zero)
            {
            DnsRecordListFree(queryResult.QueryRecords, DNS_FREE_TYPE.DnsFreeRecordList);
            }

            throw new Win32Exception(queryResult.QueryStatus);
        }

        dnsRecords.AddRange(ParseRecords(queryResult.QueryRecords, recordType));

        if (queryResult.QueryRecords != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
            DnsRecordListFree(queryResult.QueryRecords, DNS_FREE_TYPE.DnsFreeRecordList);
        }

        return dnsRecords.ToArray();
        }

        if (!context.eventHandle.WaitOne(5000))
        {
        resCode = DnsCancelQuery(cancelBuffer);
        context.eventHandle.WaitOne();
        if (resCode != 0)
        {
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(cancelBuffer);
            handle.Free();
            throw new Win32Exception(resCode);
        }
        }

        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(cancelBuffer);

        handle.Free();

        int retCode = Marshal.ReadInt32(context.resultCode);

        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(context.resultCode);

        if (retCode != 0)
        {
        throw new Win32Exception(retCode);
        }

        return dnsRecords.ToArray();
    }

    private static void FreeDnsRequest(IntPtr requestBuffer, IntPtr addrBuffer, IntPtr contextBuffer)
    {
        if (requestBuffer != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(requestBuffer);
        requestBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
        }

        if (addrBuffer != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(addrBuffer);
        addrBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
        }

        if (contextBuffer != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(contextBuffer);
        contextBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
        }
    }

    private static void MakeDnsRequest(string domainName, IPAddress[] dnsServers, QueryCompletionContext context, out IntPtr requestBuffer, out IntPtr addrBuffer, out IntPtr contextBuffer)
    {
        requestBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
        addrBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
        contextBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;

        DNS_ADDR[] addrList = new DNS_ADDR[dnsServers.Length];
        int curAddress = 0;

        foreach (IPAddress addr in dnsServers)
        {
        addrList[curAddress] = new DNS_ADDR();

        if (addr.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork)
        {
            byte[] ipv4AddressBytes = addr.GetAddressBytes();

            SockAddrIn sockAddrIn = new SockAddrIn();

            Buffer.BlockCopy(ipv4AddressBytes, 0, sockAddrIn.SinAddr, 0, IpAddressV4LengthBytes);

            sockAddrIn.SinFamily = AFInet;
            sockAddrIn.SinPort = (ushort)IPAddress.HostToNetworkOrder(DNSPort);

            IntPtr sockAddrInPtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(SockAddrIn)));
            Marshal.StructureToPtr(sockAddrIn, sockAddrInPtr, false);

            Marshal.Copy(sockAddrInPtr, addrList[curAddress].MaxSa, 0, Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(SockAddrIn)));

            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(sockAddrInPtr);
        }
        else if (addr.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetworkV6)
        {
            SockAddrIn6 sockAddrIn6 = new SockAddrIn6();

            sockAddrIn6.Sin6Family = AFInet16;
            sockAddrIn6.Sin6Port = (ushort)IPAddress.HostToNetworkOrder(DNSPort);
            sockAddrIn6.Sin6FlowInfo = 0;

            byte[] ipv6AddressBytes = addr.GetAddressBytes();

            Buffer.BlockCopy(ipv6AddressBytes, 0, sockAddrIn6.Sin6Addr, 0, IpAddressV6LengthBytes);

            sockAddrIn6.Sin6ScopeId = 0;

            IntPtr sockAddrv6InPtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(SockAddrIn6)));
            Marshal.StructureToPtr(sockAddrIn6, sockAddrv6InPtr, false);

            Marshal.Copy(sockAddrv6InPtr, addrList[curAddress].MaxSa, 0, Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(SockAddrIn6)));

            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(sockAddrv6InPtr);
        }
        else
        {
            throw new Exception(string.Format("Address family {0} not supported", addr.AddressFamily.ToString()));
        }

        curAddress++;
        }

        int bufSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(DNS_ADDR_ARRAY)) + (addrList.Length * Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(DNS_ADDR)));

        DNS_ADDR_ARRAY addrArray = new DNS_ADDR_ARRAY();
        addrArray.MaxCount = (uint)dnsServers.Length;
        addrArray.AddrCount = (uint)dnsServers.Length;

        addrBuffer = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(bufSize);
        Marshal.StructureToPtr(addrArray, addrBuffer, false);

        IntPtr addrArrayPointer = new IntPtr(addrBuffer.ToInt64() + Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(DNS_ADDR_ARRAY)));

        for (int i = 0; i < addrList.Length; i++)
        {
        Marshal.StructureToPtr(addrList[i], addrArrayPointer, false);
        addrArrayPointer = new IntPtr(addrArrayPointer.ToInt64() + Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(DNS_ADDR)));
        }

        DNS_QUERY_REQUEST request = new DNS_QUERY_REQUEST();
        request.Version = DnsQueryRequestVersion1;
        request.QueryName = domainName;
        request.QueryType = (ushort)context.requestType;
        request.QueryOptions = (ulong)DnsQueryOptions.DNS_QUERY_STANDARD;
        request.DnsServerList = addrBuffer;
        request.InterfaceIndex = 0;
        request.QueryCompletionCallback = Marshal.GetFunctionPointerForDelegate(new QueryCompletionRoutineFunctionPointer(QueryCompletionRoutine));

        contextBuffer = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(context));
        Marshal.StructureToPtr(context, contextBuffer, false);

        request.QueryContext = contextBuffer;

        requestBuffer = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(Marshal.SizeOf(request));
        Marshal.StructureToPtr(request, requestBuffer, false);
    }

    private static void QueryCompletionRoutine(IntPtr queryContext, IntPtr queryResults)
    {
        QueryCompletionContext context = (QueryCompletionContext)Marshal.PtrToStructure(queryContext, typeof(QueryCompletionContext));

        DNSQueryResult queryResult = (DNSQueryResult)Marshal.PtrToStructure(queryResults, typeof(DNSQueryResult));

        Marshal.WriteInt32(context.resultCode, queryResult.QueryStatus);

        if (queryResult.QueryStatus != 0)
        {
        if (queryResult.QueryRecords != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
            DnsRecordListFree(queryResult.QueryRecords, DNS_FREE_TYPE.DnsFreeRecordList);
        }

        context.eventHandle.Set();
        return;
        }

        List<IDictionary<string, object>> records = GCHandle.FromIntPtr(context.dnsRecords).Target as List<IDictionary<string, object>>;

        records.AddRange(ParseRecords(queryResult.QueryRecords, context.requestType));

        if (queryResult.QueryRecords != IntPtr.Zero)
        {
        DnsRecordListFree(queryResult.QueryRecords, DNS_FREE_TYPE.DnsFreeRecordList);
        }

        context.eventHandle.Set();
    }

    private static IDictionary<string, object>[] ParseRecords(IntPtr result, DnsRecordTypes recordTypeAskedFor)
    {
        DNS_RECORD? record = Marshal.PtrToStructure(result, typeof(DNS_RECORD)) as DNS_RECORD?;

        List<IDictionary<string, object>> records = new List<IDictionary<string, object>>();

        while (record.HasValue)
        {
        if (record.Value.Type == (ushort)recordTypeAskedFor)
        {
            string recordName = Marshal.PtrToStringUni(record.Value.Name);
            switch (record.Value.Type)
            {
            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_A:
                {
                string recordValue = ConvertUintToIpAddress(record.Value.Data.A.IpAddress).ToString();
                records.Add(new Dictionary<string, object> { { "Type", "A" }, { "Name", recordName }, { "Value", recordValue } });
                break;
                }

            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_MX:
                {
                string nameExchange = Marshal.PtrToStringUni(record.Value.Data.MX.NameExchange);
                ushort preference = record.Value.Data.MX.Preference;
                records.Add(new Dictionary<string, object> { { "Type", "MX" }, { "Name", recordName }, { "NameExchange", nameExchange }, { "Preference", preference.ToString() } });
                break;
                }

            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_NS:
            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_PTR:
            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_CNAME:
                {
                string type = record.Value.Type == (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_NS ? "NS " :
                    (record.Value.Type == (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_PTR ? "PTR" : "CNAME");
                string nameHost = Marshal.PtrToStringUni(record.Value.Data.PTR.NameHost);
                records.Add(new Dictionary<string, object> { { "Type", type }, { "Name", recordName }, { "NameHost", nameHost } });
                break;
                }

            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_TXT:
                {
                IntPtr stringsCursor = record.Value.Data.TXT.StringArray;

                StringBuilder valuesBuffer = new StringBuilder();

                for (uint i = 0; i < record.Value.Data.TXT.StringCount; i++)
                {
                    IntPtr txtString = Marshal.ReadIntPtr(stringsCursor);

                    string value = Marshal.PtrToStringUni(stringsCursor);

                    IDictionary<string, object> txtRecord = new Dictionary<string, object>();
                    txtRecord.Add("Type", "TXT");
                    txtRecord.Add("Name", recordName);
                    txtRecord.Add("Value", value);
                    records.Add(txtRecord);

                    valuesBuffer.Append(";" + value);

                    stringsCursor += Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(IntPtr));
                }

                break;
                }

            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_AAAA:
                {
                string recordValue = ConvertAAAAToIpAddress(record.Value.Data.AAAA).ToString();
                records.Add(new Dictionary<string, object> { { "Type", "AAAA" }, { "Name", recordName }, { "Value", recordValue } });
                break;
                }

            case (ushort)DnsRecordTypes.DNS_TYPE_SRV:
                {
                string nameTarget = Marshal.PtrToStringUni(record.Value.Data.SRV.NameTarget);
                ushort priority = record.Value.Data.SRV.Priority;
                ushort weight = record.Value.Data.SRV.Weight;
                ushort port = record.Value.Data.SRV.Port;
                records.Add(new Dictionary<string, object> { { "Type", "SRV" }, { "Name", recordName }, { "NameTarget", nameTarget }, { "Priority", priority.ToString() }, { "Weight", weight.ToString() }, { "Port", port.ToString() } });
                break;
                }
            }
        }

        record = Marshal.PtrToStructure(record.Value.Next, typeof(DNS_RECORD)) as DNS_RECORD?;
        }

        return records.ToArray();
    }

    private static IPAddress ConvertUintToIpAddress(uint ipAddress)
    {
        var addressBytes = new byte[4];
        ipAddress = (uint)IPAddress.NetworkToHostOrder((int)ipAddress);
        addressBytes[0] = (byte)((ipAddress & 0xFF000000u) >> 24);
        addressBytes[1] = (byte)((ipAddress & 0x00FF0000u) >> 16);
        addressBytes[2] = (byte)((ipAddress & 0x0000FF00u) >> 8);
        addressBytes[3] = (byte)(ipAddress & 0x000000FFu);
        return new IPAddress(addressBytes);
    }

    private static IPAddress ConvertAAAAToIpAddress(DNS_AAAA_DATA data)
    {
        var addressBytes = new byte[16];
        addressBytes[0] = (byte)(data.Ip6Address0 & 0x000000FF);
        addressBytes[1] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address0 & 0x0000FF00) >> 8);
        addressBytes[2] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address0 & 0x00FF0000) >> 16);
        addressBytes[3] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address0 & 0xFF000000) >> 24);
        addressBytes[4] = (byte)(data.Ip6Address1 & 0x000000FF);
        addressBytes[5] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address1 & 0x0000FF00) >> 8);
        addressBytes[6] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address1 & 0x00FF0000) >> 16);
        addressBytes[7] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address1 & 0xFF000000) >> 24);
        addressBytes[8] = (byte)(data.Ip6Address2 & 0x000000FF);
        addressBytes[9] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address2 & 0x0000FF00) >> 8);
        addressBytes[10] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address2 & 0x00FF0000) >> 16);
        addressBytes[11] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address2 & 0xFF000000) >> 24);
        addressBytes[12] = (byte)(data.Ip6Address3 & 0x000000FF);
        addressBytes[13] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address3 & 0x0000FF00) >> 8);
        addressBytes[14] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address3 & 0x00FF0000) >> 16);
        addressBytes[15] = (byte)((data.Ip6Address3 & 0xFF000000) >> 24);

        return new IPAddress(addressBytes);
    }

    [DllImport("dnsapi", EntryPoint = "DnsQueryEx", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true, ExactSpelling = true)]
    private static extern int DnsQueryEx(IntPtr queryRequest, IntPtr queryResults, IntPtr cancelHandle);

    [DllImport("dnsapi", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    private static extern void DnsRecordListFree(IntPtr recordList, DNS_FREE_TYPE freeType);

    [DllImport("dnsapi", SetLastError = true)]
    private static extern int DnsCancelQuery(IntPtr cancelHandle);

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct QueryCompletionContext
    {
        public DnsRecordTypes requestType;
        public EventWaitHandle eventHandle;
        public IntPtr dnsRecords;
        public IntPtr resultCode;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_QUERY_REQUEST
    {
        public uint Version;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPWStr)]
        public string QueryName;
        public ushort QueryType;
        public ulong QueryOptions;
        public IntPtr DnsServerList;
        public uint InterfaceIndex;
        public IntPtr QueryCompletionCallback;
        public IntPtr QueryContext;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_ADDR_ARRAY
    {
        public uint MaxCount;
        public uint AddrCount;
        public uint Tag;
        public ushort Family;
        public ushort WordReserved;
        public uint Flags;
        public uint MatchFlag;
        public uint Reserved1;
        public uint Reserved2;
        //// the array of DNS_ADDR follows this
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNSQueryResult
    {
        public uint Version;
        public int QueryStatus;
        public ulong QueryOptions;
        public IntPtr QueryRecords;
        public IntPtr Reserved;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_RECORD
    {
        public IntPtr Next;
        public IntPtr Name;
        public ushort Type;
        public ushort DataLength;
        public FlagsUnion Flags;
        public uint TimeToLive;
        public uint Reserved;
        public DataUnion Data;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Explicit)]
    private struct FlagsUnion
    {
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public uint DW;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_RECORD_FLAGS S;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_RECORD_FLAGS
    {
        internal uint Data;

        public uint Section
        {
        get { return this.Data & 0x3u; }
        set { this.Data = (this.Data & ~0x3u) | (value & 0x3u); }
        }

        public uint Delete
        {
        get { return (this.Data >> 2) & 0x1u; }
        set { this.Data = (this.Data & ~(0x1u << 2)) | (value & 0x1u) << 2; }
        }

        public uint CharSet
        {
        get { return (this.Data >> 3) & 0x3u; }
        set { this.Data = (this.Data & ~(0x3u << 3)) | (value & 0x3u) << 3; }
        }

        public uint Unused
        {
        get { return (this.Data >> 5) & 0x7u; }
        set { this.Data = (this.Data & ~(0x7u << 5)) | (value & 0x7u) << 5; }
        }

        public uint Reserved
        {
        get { return (this.Data >> 8) & 0xFFFFFFu; }
        set { this.Data = (this.Data & ~(0xFFFFFFu << 8)) | (value & 0xFFFFFFu) << 8; }
        }
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Explicit)]
    private struct DataUnion
    {
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_A_DATA A;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_PTR_DATA PTR, NS, CNAME;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_MX_DATA MX;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_TXT_DATA TXT;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_AAAA_DATA AAAA;
        [FieldOffset(0)]
        public DNS_SRV_DATA SRV;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_A_DATA
    {
        public uint IpAddress;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_PTR_DATA
    {
        public IntPtr NameHost;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_MX_DATA
    {
        public IntPtr NameExchange;
        public ushort Preference;
        public ushort Pad;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_TXT_DATA
    {
        public uint StringCount;
        public IntPtr StringArray;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_AAAA_DATA
    {
        public uint Ip6Address0;
        public uint Ip6Address1;
        public uint Ip6Address2;
        public uint Ip6Address3;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct DNS_SRV_DATA
    {
        public IntPtr NameTarget;
        public ushort Priority;
        public ushort Weight;
        public ushort Port;
        public ushort Pad;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private class DNS_ADDR
    {
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = DnsAddrMaxSockaddrLength)]
        private byte[] maxSa;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 8)]
        private uint[] dnsAddrUserDword;

        public DNS_ADDR()
        {
        this.maxSa = new byte[DnsAddrMaxSockaddrLength];
        this.dnsAddrUserDword = new uint[8];
        }

        public byte[] MaxSa
        {
        get
        {
            return this.maxSa;
        }
        }
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private class SockAddrIn
    {
        private short sinFamily;
        private ushort sinPort;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = IpAddressV4LengthBytes)]
        private byte[] sinAddr;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = 8)]
        private byte[] sinZero;

        public SockAddrIn()
        {
        this.sinFamily = 0;
        this.sinPort = 0;
        this.sinAddr = new byte[IpAddressV4LengthBytes];
        this.sinZero = new byte[8];
        }

        public short SinFamily
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sinFamily;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sinFamily = value;
        }
        }

        public ushort SinPort
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sinPort;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sinPort = value;
        }
        }

        public byte[] SinAddr
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sinAddr;
        }
        }
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private class SockAddrIn6
    {
        private short sin6Family;
        private ushort sin6Port;
        private ulong sin6FlowInfo;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst = IpAddressV6LengthBytes)]
        private byte[] sin6Addr;
        private ulong sin6ScopeId;

        public SockAddrIn6()
        {
        this.sin6Family = AFInet;
        this.sin6Port = 0;
        this.sin6Addr = new byte[IpAddressV6LengthBytes];
        this.sin6ScopeId = 0;
        }

        public short Sin6Family
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sin6Family;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sin6Family = value;
        }
        }

        public ushort Sin6Port
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sin6Port;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sin6Port = value;
        }
        }

        public ulong Sin6FlowInfo
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sin6FlowInfo;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sin6FlowInfo = value;
        }
        }

        public byte[] Sin6Addr
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sin6Addr;
        }
        }

        public ulong Sin6ScopeId
        {
        get
        {
            return this.sin6ScopeId;
        }

        set
        {
            this.sin6ScopeId = value;
        }
        }
    }
    }

Documentation
DnsQueryEx on MSDN

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